22 WTO Law and Domestic Regulation Wolfgang Weiß Hardback Approx. 500 pp, 2019 € 150.00 ISBN 978-3-406-74410-5 Dr Wolfgang Weiß is Full Professor of Public Law, European Law and Public International Law at the German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer. The book explores the impact of WTO law on domestic regulatory autonomy. It identifies and critically analyses the mechanisms working in WTO law that cause increasing interferences with domestic law and thus restrain the regulatory autonomy of the WTO members. The book proposes ways how WTO law be conceptualized to enhance the policy space of WTO members. Therefore, the book demonstrates the flexibilities in interpreting and applying WTO core principles and provisions and explores interpretive and institutional conceptions that could serve as a pathway of allocating greater policy leeway to WTO members. The analyses presented address the disturbing observation that even though WTO law appreciates the regulatory leeway of WTO members in several provisions across agreements, the WTO judiciary´s case law, but also other governance mechanism active in the WTO appear to narrow down the WTO members´ regulatory autonomy and to considerably limit the space for domestic policy choices. Wide spread, even scholarly perception of the WTO, and most recently the Trump administration blame the WTO, in particular its dispute settlement branch, for being biased towards free trade and unduly restraining even legitimate domestic policies, and voiding the domestic policy space needed for addressing societal concerns and global problems. A closer look at the development of GATT/WTO law, however, reveals that, in GATT era, panels were aware of the effect their interpretations had on domestic policy space, and that some of the more recent WTO dispute settlement reports show attempts to expand WTO member´s leeway again. These observations are the starting point for an in-depth analysis of the different mechanisms present in WTO law which impact on domestic regulation.
23 Intelligence Law and Policies in Europe A Handbook Edited by Jan-Hendrik Dietrich, and Satish Sule Hardback Approx. 800 pp., 2019 Approx. € 200.00 ISBN 978-3-406-69455-4 Dr Jan-Hendrik Dietrich is a professor at the Federal University of Administrative Science; Dr Satish Sule works for the European Commission. The authors are Dr Christian von Buttlar (NATO); Dr Jana Gajdosova (FRA), Professor Ian Leigh (Durham University); Dr Julian Siegel (European Commission); Carly Nyst (Privacy International); and Eric King (Privacy International) Activities of intelligence agencies have recently moved into the focus of public critical review all over Europe. The publication of the Snowden documents have revealed a surveillance practice of unknown extent. Intelligence surveillance no longer focuses on state organizations or political decision-makers alone; technical innovation rather allows an unprovoked mass surveillance of individual communication. Considering this development, the media and politicians have demanded legal limitations of such practices. This handbook takes into account the various facets of intelligence activities in Europe spanning from chapters on intelligence operations to intelligence cooperation within different policies in Europe, within the EU and without (e.g. NATO). The handbook covers: ■■ Part 1 Introduction ■■ Part 2 European Intelligence Agenda ■■ Part 3 European Intelligence Cooperation ■■ Part 4 European Intelligence and the Rule of Law ■■ Part 5 European Intelligence in national legislation and legal practice (with peculiar regard to Germany, France and the United Kingdom) This book is suitable for academic and practical purposes alike. Political, social and historical analyses are presented within the context of the legal discourse.